Recycling Intermediate and High Voltage (IV/HV) Battery Packs from GM Hybrid, and Electrified Vehicles

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IV/HV Battery Shipment

Generally, NiMH or Lithium-Ion type batteries are used for the intermediate and high voltage source. These battery types are usually considered a dangerous good when transported and are regulated as hazardous materials. NiMH batteries are generally classified as a Class 8 (or Class 9 when shipped by Vessel) hazardous material. Lithium-Ion batteries are classified as a Class 9 hazardous material. Multiple identifications (referred to as UN numbers) exist for the various battery packs based on chemistry and configuration. Refer to the battery manufacturer for specific identification for transportation.

Make sure that the shipping paperwork is filled out correctly and that the shipment is properly labeled per federal, state/provincial, and local laws and regulations. Check to make sure that you are complying with any recordkeeping requirements. Only certified hazardous material shippers should offer a hazardous material for transportation.

Batteries for recycling should be shipped by ground or vessel only. Do not ship batteries for recycling by air.

NOTE: Depending on your location, an end-of-life battery may be considered hazardous waste:

  • In Canada, all end of life batteries need to be treated as a hazardous waste
  • In the USA a damaged battery (e.g. one that is leaking electrolyte from the battery pack) might need to be shipped as a hazardous waste depending on your geographic location.

Check your yellow pages (e.g. waste, rubbish and garbage removal, recyclables, recycling) to locate a company that specializes in transporting or managing hazardous wastes.